Of all the 4Cs, the cut of a diamond is wholly dependent on your jeweler’s craftsmanship and not the natural characteristics of a diamond.
What are the components of a superior cut diamond?
Precision of cut is creating facets in a rough diamond. The deliberate placement of each facet maximizes the available light to create sparkle even in dull lighting conditions.
The arrangement, size and shape of each facet and how they intersect with one another is symmetry. Excellent symmetry has an evenness that will prevent light from escaping to the sides of the diamond. Again, the better the symmetry, the more sparkle your diamond will have even in dull lighting conditions.
Polish is the smooth surface of each of the diamond’s facts. The polish determines how much light enters the diamond to refract, reflect and sparkle.
A triple excellent graded diamond has the best precision, symmetry and polish cut diamond. It is cut to maximize the light the enters the crown of the diamond and refracts back for beautiful sparkle and shine.
TYPES OF DIAMOND CUTS
A diamond that is cut too shallow or deep will allow light to escape through the diamond instead of refracting to create a brilliant sparkle. An excellent cut diamond will position facets so that light is positioned to reflect.
There are three types of cuts that maximize the brilliance of a diamond. Which cut is used is dependent on the color, clarity and carat of the diamond. The craftsmanship of the cut will enhance all three of these factors to increase the diamond’s brilliance and value.
BRILLIANT CUT DIAMONDS
Shape: Triangular – Kite Shaped – Deltoid
The most brilliant of the diamond cuts with 56-58 facets that are arranged to reflect and refract light. Brilliant faceting is the most popular arrangement for its ability to create the ultimate sparkle.
STEP CUT DIAMONDS
Shape: Trapezoidal – Square – Rectangular
MIX CUT DIAMONDS
Mix cut diamonds are a blend of both step and brilliant cut to give your unique diamond the ultimate sparkle.
Schedule an appointment with one of RCJ’s diamond specialists to discuss the 4Cs and much more!