Picking the everlasting symbol of your love can seem like an overwhelming task. Color, cut, clarity, carat, facets, pave band, plain band, halo, bezel set, prongs, etc. You may have heard these phrases, but what do they mean?

The key to picking the ring that fits your taste and budget is educating yourself. You’re not going to need to become an expert! You will need to get a basic understanding of the components of an engagement ring to be able to make an informed decision. 

Think you already know what you’re looking for? Shop RCJ’s specially curated selection of in stock engagement rings that are ready to ship now. 

Remember, there are no wrong answers when you’re creating the ring of your dreams. Go with your instincts and pay attention to how you feel when you see a ring. Like your relationship, it’s the connection that reigns supreme. So, when in doubt, go with your gut! 

Let’s get started!

First thing’s first, let’s pick a diamond! The center stone of your ring will take center stage. You’ve heard of the 4C’s of a diamond. Now it’s time to understand what each means.

Like a human fingerprint, every diamond has unique characteristics that distinguish it from all the others. The components of this fingerprint are known in the diamond world as the 4Cs – color, clarity, cut and carat weight. The 4Cs measures a diamond’s quality and thus, value. It is the globally accepted standard.

What Are the 4Cs of A Diamond?


We’re starting with cut because it is perhaps the most important characteristic of a diamond. Cut is the specific way a diamond interacts and reflects light. An excellent cut diamond will reflect and refract light to capture a beautiful sparkle. Even if you scale up on carat, clarity or cut, a poorly cut diamond will appear dull to the naked eye. 


Clarity quite simply refers to the unique markings of every diamond. The most rare and expensive diamond is flawless, with no inclusions (internal flaws) or blemishes (external flaws). 

Clarity is assessed by the number and size of inclusions and blemishes seen under 10-power magnification using a microscope. Most flaws are not visible with human vision. Flaws that are seen through the naked eye will lose value.


Color refers to the natural tint or hue inherent in a diamond. Next to cut, color is the most important element of the 4Cs. Why? Unlike clarity (for the most part), a diamond’s color can be seen without the use of a microscope. The spectrum of color quality goes from colorless – an icy white diamond that is only clear that is rare and most desired – to hues of yellow or light brown that lesson the grade of a diamond.


Diamonds are measured in “metric carats.” Carat weight refers to a diamond’s weight, like a human stepping on a scale to determine their body weight in pounds. One carat equals 100 points, ½ carat 50 points, and so on.

These are the 4Cs in a nutshell! The 4Cs give every diamond its unique beauty. You determine which characteristic is most important to you. Start there and work your way through all the components until you find the perfect match!

Got more questions? Schedule an appointment with one of RCJ’s diamond experts to give you one-on-one advice.


Schedule an appointment with one of RCJ’s diamond experts to give you one-on-one advice.

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